• Sarve bhavantu sukhinah
    Sarve santu nira-maya-ah
    Sarve bhadrani pashyantu ma-kaschit dukha-bhak bhavet

    - Brihadaranyaka Upanishad: 1.4.14

  • “May all of mankind be happy May all be healthy
    May all experience prosperity
    May none (in the world) suffer.”

    - Brihadaranyaka Upanishad: 1.4.14

  • Asato Maa Sad Gamaya Tamaso Maa
    Jyotir Gamaya Mrityor Maa Amritam Gamaya

    - Brihadaranyaka Upanishad: 1.3.28

  • “O' Lord, please lead me from darkness of ignorance
    to the light (of knowledge) From death (limitation)
    to immortality (liberation).”

    - Brihadaranyaka Upanishad: 1.3.28


Jean-Sylvain Bailly (1736 – 1793)

French Scientist

Jean Sylvain Bailly (1736-1793) was a scientist with moderate political views. He was best known for administering the Tennis Court Oath and serving as the first mayor of Paris’ revolutionary Commune. The son of an artist, Bailly was a brilliant student who as a teenager wrote tragedies in his spare time. His interest was in the sciences, however, particularly astronomy. Bailly joined the Academy of Sciences in 1763 and within a few years had become France’s most notable astronomer. Bailly was always alert to politics and from 1789 his time and fate were tied to the revolution. He stood as a candidate to the Estates General and was elected to represent the Third Estate of Paris. When Bailly’s fellow Third Estate deputies resolved to form the National Assembly on June 17th 1789, he was elected its first president. It was in this role that Bailly oversaw and administered the Tennis Court Oath on June 20th. After the Estates General Bailly was returned to his native Paris. On July 15th he was elected to head the newly formed Paris Commune, becoming the city’s first mayor. Two days later Bailly, as mayor, presented Louis XVI with a tricolour cockade and the keys to Paris, famously declaring that “the people have reconquered their king”. Bailly’s bold leadership and gestures made him popular with the people of Paris, who routinely cheered his public appearances. But for all his early popularity, Bailly remained a political moderate and a constitutional monarchist at heart. As mayor of Paris he supported the National Constituent Assembly, while ignoring or suppressing radical political demands. Bailly’s moderate position made him a frequent target for radical journalists like Jean-Paul Marat and Georges Danton, who ran against Bailly for the mayorship in 1790. Popular affection Bailly was shattered by the events of July 17th 1791, when he authorised the deployment of National Guard troops at the Champ de Mars, resulting in between 30 and 50 deaths. The people of Paris considered Bailly’s decision to call out the troops against them a betrayal of the revolution. He endured months of criticism before resigning as mayor in November 1791. Bailly retired to Nantes and returned to his scientific research but was arrested during the Reign of Terror. He was returned to Paris and placed in trial, chiefly for his role in the killings of July 17th 1791. Bailly was convicted and guillotined on the Champ de Mars in November 1793.

French Astronomer

Bailly said: "The motion of the stars calculated by the Hindus before some 4500 years vary not even a single minute.From the [modem] tables of Cassini and Meyer. The Indian tables give the same annual variation of the moon as that discovered by Tycho Brahe - a variation unknown to the school of Alexandria and also the Arabs.”

Histoire De L'Astronomie Moderne

Jean Sylvain Bailly (1736 – 1793) was a French astronomer, mathematician, freemason, and political leader of the early part of the French Revolution . | Jean-Sylvain Bailly was born in the Louvre and died less than a mile away, under the guillotine. In the space and time in between, he managed to embody both the Enlightenment scientific establishment and the French revolutionary process: along with Condorcet, his arch-rival at the Academy of Sciences, he was one of the few revolutionaries to have first gained notoriety as a philosophe. But Bailly's intellectual career, from astronomy to history to politics, also illustrates the strangely seamless connections that could exist in the eighteenth century between empirical inquiry and mythological speculation. Though Condorcet would dismissively refer to his colleague as a "frère illuminé," alluding to Bailly's supposed Masonic and metaphysical sympathies, the astronomer was equally at home at the Academy as among the mythical peoples he discovered in the past. He was neither an illuminist nor a materialist, but inhabited the grey zone that we have chosen to term "the Super-Enlightenment." http://collections.stanford.edu/supere/page.action?forward=author_jean_sylvain_bailly§ion=authors by Dan Edelstein Assistant professor of French Stanford University | Source: Histoire de l'astronomie moderne, depuis la fondation de l'école d'Alexandrie jusqu'à l'époque de MDCCLXXXII Publisher: A Paris : Chez les frères de Bure, 1782. Author: Jean Sylvain Bailly, Bürgermeister Parlamentarier Naturwissenschafter Frankreich